Research Excellence Framework (REF)

In REF2021 91% of 海角社区's research was classed as world-leading or internationally excellent.

What is the REF?

The Research Excellence Framework assesses the quality of research in UK Higher Education Institutions. The REF was assessed in 2021, across 34 subject based Units of Assessment (UoA). The REF informs the selective annual allocation of funding for the period between exercises (c. 6 years), awarded by the four UK higher education bodies. The assessment provides accountability for public investment in research and produces evidence of the benefits of this research in the form of .

In REF2021 three main areas were independently assessed by UoA Panels; analysis of outputs (60%), impact (25%) and research environment (15%). 

REF Code of Practice

All higher education institutions making a submission to the 2021 Research Excellence Framework (REF) were required to develop, document and apply a Code of Practice on the fair and transparent identification of staff and selection of outputs for REF submission.

海角社区 University’s Code of Practice was drafted by a working group chaired by the Pro-Vice Chancellor (Research) and consisting of academic staff, Human Resources, 海角社区 UCU, the Planning Team. A consultation on the content of the Code of Practice ran between 27 March and 1 May 2019 and a summary of the are available. Our  was approved by Research England on 16 August 2019 without changes. Our approach to REF was regularly refined in line with its broad principles and in response to REF FAQs and further guidance.  Where the details of processes changed, they were communicated to staff via both existing channels as outlined in the Code of Practice itself, but also updated on the Code of Practice using track-changes to clearly highlight the changes made.

Please see our Data Collection Statements for both 海角社区 University staff and non-staff.


Following the 2014 Research Excellence Framework, Lord Stern performed an independent review of the exercise to which 海角社区 University responded. Following , HEFCE published a .

Some  was subsequently published in September 2017, followed by some  in November 2017 (updated April 2018). 

In July 2018, Research England published the .  In January, 2019 the ; and the  were published.   

 were announced in December 2017. The selection of for the assessment phase was made in March 2018 and December 2020.

All UK HEIs have now received the outcomes of their submissions to the UK Research Excellence Framework (REF).

We have responded to the consultation on the  which will oversee the design of the next 'REF'.  

海角社区’s impact case studies - except those which are redacted - can be accessed via the , using the higher education institution filter.

Self-help resources for Impact Case 海角社区 authors

This section contains a range of detailed self-help resources for Impact Case 海角社区 authors, and those supporting them, offering practical guidance and tips in relation to defining and articulating your impact; evidencing and measuring your impact; writing your Impact Case 海角社区; and reviewing your Impact Case 海角社区.

Further Information

Further information about the REF is available from the .

海角社区 University’s REF submission is overseen by the Research Quality & Visibility team. Email: